Adpositions (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic - download pdf or read online

By Claude Hagége

ISBN-10: 0199575002

ISBN-13: 9780199575008

This pioneering learn is predicated on an research of over two hundred languages, together with African, Amerindian, Australian, Austronesian, Indo-European and Eurasian (Altaic, Caucasian, Chukotko-Kamchatkan, Dravidian, Uralic), Papuan, and Sino-Tibetan. Adpositions are a nearly common a part of speech. English has prepositions; a few languages, comparable to eastern, have postpositions; others have either; and but others types that aren't relatively both. As grammatical instruments they mark the connection among components of a sentence: regularly one point governs a noun or noun-like observe or word whereas the opposite capabilities as a predicate. From the syntactic viewpoint, the supplement of an adposition is determined by a head: during this final sentence, for instance, a head is the supplement of on whereas on a head depends upon depends and on is the marker of this dependency. Adpositions lie on the center of the grammar of such a lot languages, their usefulness making them recurrent in daily speech and writing. Claude Hagege examines their morphological gains, syntactic features, and semantic and cognitive homes. He does so for the subsets either one of adpositions that categorical the relatives of agent, sufferer, and beneficiary, and of these which mark house, time, accompaniment, or software. Adpositions frequently govern case and are often steadily grammaticalized into case. the writer considers the entire set of functionality markers, together with case, that seem as adpositions and, in doing so, throws mild on strategies of morphological and syntactic switch in numerous languages and language households. His e-book can be welcomed through typologists and by way of syntacticians and morphologists of all theoretical stripes.

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Adpositions (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory) by Claude Hagége

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